NIO Socket实现聊天

有时候,不是因为你没有能力,也不是因为你缺少勇气,只是因为你付出的努力还太少,所以,成功便不会走向你。而你所需要做的,就是坚定你的梦想,你的目标,你的未来,然后以不达目的誓不罢休的那股劲,去付出你的努力,成功就会慢慢向你靠近。

导读:本篇文章讲解 NIO Socket实现聊天,希望对大家有帮助,欢迎收藏,转发!站点地址:www.bmabk.com,来源:原文

package com.lc.test.test04;

import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
import java.nio.channels.ClosedChannelException;
import java.nio.channels.SelectionKey;
import java.nio.channels.Selector;
import java.nio.channels.SocketChannel;
import java.util.Scanner;

/**
 * @author liuchao
 * @date 2020/6/26
 */
public class ChatThread extends Thread {

    private Selector selector;
    private SocketChannel socket;

    public ChatThread(Selector selector, SocketChannel socket) {
        super();
        this.selector = selector;
        this.socket = socket;
    }


    @Override
    public void run() {
        try {
            //等待连接建立
            Thread.sleep(500);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        Scanner scanner = new Scanner(System.in);
        System.out.println("请输入您要发送给服务端的消息");
        System.out.println("=========================================================");
        while (scanner.hasNextLine()) {
            String s = scanner.nextLine();
            try {
                //用户已输入,注册写事件,将输入的消息发送给客户端
                socket.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_WRITE, ByteBuffer.wrap(s.getBytes()));
                //唤醒之前因为监听OP_READ而阻塞的select()
                selector.wakeup();
            } catch (ClosedChannelException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }
}
package com.lc.test.test04;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.InetSocketAddress;
import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
import java.nio.channels.SelectionKey;
import java.nio.channels.Selector;
import java.nio.channels.ServerSocketChannel;
import java.nio.channels.SocketChannel;
import java.util.Calendar;
import java.util.Iterator;

/**
 * @author liuchao
 * @date 2020/6/26
 */
public class ChatServer {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            //服务初始化
            ServerSocketChannel serverSocket = ServerSocketChannel.open();
            //设置为非阻塞
            serverSocket.configureBlocking(false);
            //绑定端口
            serverSocket.bind(new InetSocketAddress("localhost", 9999));
            //注册OP_ACCEPT事件(即监听该事件,如果有客户端发来连接请求,则该键在select()后被选中)
            Selector selector = Selector.open();
            serverSocket.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_ACCEPT);
            Calendar ca = Calendar.getInstance();
            System.out.println("服务端开启了");
            System.out.println("=========================================================");
            //轮询服务
            while (true) {
                //选择准备好的事件
                selector.select();
                //已选择的键集
                Iterator<SelectionKey> it = selector.selectedKeys().iterator();
                //处理已选择键集事件
                while (it.hasNext()) {
                    SelectionKey key = it.next();
                    //处理掉后将键移除,避免重复消费(因为下次选择后,还在已选择键集中)
                    it.remove();
                    //处理连接请求
                    if (key.isAcceptable()) {
                        //处理请求
                        SocketChannel socket = serverSocket.accept();
                        socket.configureBlocking(false);
                        //注册read,监听客户端发送的消息
                        socket.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_READ);
                        //keys为所有键,除掉serverSocket注册的键就是已连接socketChannel的数量
                        String message = "连接成功 你是第" + (selector.keys().size() - 1) + "个用户";
                        //向客户端发送消息
                        socket.write(ByteBuffer.wrap(message.getBytes()));
                        InetSocketAddress address = (InetSocketAddress) socket.getRemoteAddress();
                        //输出客户端地址
                        System.out.println(ca.getTime() + "\t" + address.getHostString() +
                                ":" + address.getPort() + "\t");
                        System.out.println("客戶端已连接");
                        System.out.println("=========================================================");
                    }

                    if (key.isReadable()) {
                        SocketChannel socket = (SocketChannel) key.channel();
                        InetSocketAddress address = (InetSocketAddress) socket.getRemoteAddress();
                        System.out.println(ca.getTime() + "\t" + address.getHostString() +
                                ":" + address.getPort() + "\t");
                        ByteBuffer bf = ByteBuffer.allocate(1024 * 4);
                        int len = 0;
                        byte[] res = new byte[1024 * 4];
                        //捕获异常,因为在客户端关闭后会发送FIN报文,会触发read事件,但连接已关闭,此时read()会产生异常
                        try {
                            while ((len = socket.read(bf)) > 0) {
                                bf.flip();
                                bf.get(res, 0, len);
                                System.out.println(new String(res, 0, len));
                                bf.clear();
                            }
                            System.out.println("=========================================================");
                        } catch (IOException e) {
                            //客户端关闭了
                            key.cancel();
                            socket.close();
                            System.out.println("客戶端已断开");
                            System.out.println("=========================================================");
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            System.out.println("服务器异常,即将关闭..........");
            System.out.println("=========================================================");
        }
    }
}
package com.lc.test.test04;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.InetSocketAddress;
import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
import java.nio.channels.SelectionKey;
import java.nio.channels.Selector;
import java.nio.channels.SocketChannel;
import java.util.Calendar;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.Set;

/**
 * @author liuchao
 * @date 2020/6/26
 */
public class ChatClient {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        Selector selector = Selector.open();
        SocketChannel socket = SocketChannel.open(new InetSocketAddress(9999));
        socket.configureBlocking(Boolean.FALSE);
        socket.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_CONNECT);
        //开启控制台输入监听
        new ChatThread(selector, socket).start();
        Calendar ca = Calendar.getInstance();
        //轮询处理
        while (true) {
            if (socket.isOpen()) {
                //在注册的键中选择已准备就绪的事件
                selector.select();
                //已选择键集
                Set<SelectionKey> keys = selector.selectedKeys();
                Iterator<SelectionKey> iterator = keys.iterator();
                //处理准备就绪的事件
                while (iterator.hasNext()) {
                    SelectionKey key = iterator.next();
                    //删除当前键,避免重复消费
                    iterator.remove();
                    //连接
                    if (key.isConnectable()) {
                        //在非阻塞模式下connect也是非阻塞的,所以要确保连接已经建立完成
                        while (!socket.finishConnect()) {
                            System.out.println("连接中");
                        }
                        socket.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_READ);
                    }
                    //控制台监听到有输入,注册OP_WRITE,然后将消息附在attachment中
                    if (key.isWritable()) {
                        //发送消息给服务端
                        socket.write((ByteBuffer) key.attachment());
                            /*
	                            已处理完此次输入,但OP_WRITE只要当前通道输出方向没有被占用
	                            就会准备就绪,select()不会阻塞(但我们需要控制台触发,在没有输入时
	                            select()需要阻塞),因此改为监听OP_READ事件,该事件只有在socket
	                            有输入时select()才会返回。
                            */
                        socket.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_READ);
                        System.out.println("==============" + ca.getTime() + " ==============");
                    }
                    //处理输入事件
                    if (key.isReadable()) {

                        ByteBuffer byteBuffer = ByteBuffer.allocate(1024 * 4);
                        int len;
                        //捕获异常,因为在服务端关闭后会发送FIN报文,会触发read事件,但连接已关闭,此时read()会产生异常
                        try {

                            if ((len = socket.read(byteBuffer)) > 0) {
                                System.out.println("接收到來自服务器的消息\t");
                                System.out.println(new String(byteBuffer.array(), 0, len));
                            }
                        } catch (IOException e) {
                            System.out.println("服务器异常,请联系客服人员!正在关闭客户端.........");
                            key.cancel();
                            socket.close();
                        }
                        System.out.println("=========================================================");
                    }
                }
            } else {
                break;
            }
        }
    }
}

 

 

 

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